The theory and practice of supervision came about as a counselling supervision essay of the training counselling supervision essay counsellors by qualified counsellors Bernard and Goodyear, Early models of supervision had their focus situated around theories in counselling, counselling supervision essay as Adlerian, person-centred and Cognitive Behavioural Therapies.
However, these models are more recently being challenged, due coujselling the fact that there are features of supervision that differ from those of counselling. For example, being fit to counsel does couneelling automatically make one eligible counselling supervision essay supervise Falender and Shafranske, Contemporary models of supervision integrate theories from the discipline counseloing psychology as well as other schools of thought.
They bring into fruition one-to-one, peer and group supervision sessions. As further focus has developed towards supervision, various models have emerged, encapsulating a spectrum of developmental, integrative and agency models Smith, Consequently, the original counselling theory models have, to some degree, been substituted with the more recent theory models of supervision.
This grants supervisors the opportunity to utilise a variety of different models in order to both meet the requirements of, and streamline the intricacies of supervision Powell, The paper at hand will cover a definition of supervision as well as outline two different models of supervision — agency and developmental. Supervision has been defined as an intervention on the part of a senior member of a given profession, to a junior member or members of the same profession Bernard and Goodyear, The literature supercision that this type of intervention is of an evaluative nature, extending over a period of time and includes a simultaneous purpose, which is to enhance the specialised functioning of the junior professional Bernard and Goodyear, The burden of responsibility for the protection of the mental health of the supervisee, and consequently the mental health counselling supervision essay the public, lies with conselling supervisor.
A common occurrence within counselling is transference, which may cause the counsellor to burn coubselling without having recognised the symptoms in order to take preventative measures. The purpose of the supervisory relationship is to writing thanksgiving creative the development of such issues, as counsellors are granted the opportunity to discuss their client experiences freely with a professional who is essayy in both supervision and counselling.
Raising and acknowledging supervision issues provides a learning opportunity for the supervisee just click for source develop the skills in order to recognise early symptoms of transference or burn out Australian Counsellors Association, essay malicious prosecution A variety of models have been proposed in the attempt to provide a framework for supervisors to organise their approaches to practical counselling supervision essay and provide a counselling supervision essay sense of understanding of their reality Powell, The agency model of supervision counselling supervision essay established by Alfred Kadushin in In implementing this responsibility, the supervisor performs administrative, educational, and supportive functions in interaction with the supervisee in the context of counselling supervision essay positive relationship" Powell, The administrative function of supervision is to promote and maintain respectable standards of counsellinb and constancy to organisational policy and practice.
The supportive function of supervision is to emphasise counsellor counselling supervision essay and role satisfaction as well as ways in which to deal with stress. The more severe and prolonged a situation is, the more likely the counsellor will be to experience burn out. Supervisory support ensures that the counsellor manages their stress in a more effective manner and provides the practicing professional with emotional backing Tsui, The educational aspect of the counsellor-supervisor relationship ensures that the counsellor has adequate knowledge in their field in order to be efficient in their work.
The aim of education among supervisory theories is to grow an understanding and develop counselling supervision essay through reflection and exploration of their work Tsui, The agency model has various strengths and weaknesses. The strengths of this model are that provides a flexible framework whereby both good assumption essay definition sorry supervisor and supervisee are open to exploring and experimenting different ideas.
Fssay allows for the framework to be tailored to the needs of the supervisee and the variables which the supervisor deems significant. The weakness of this model is that unless the supervisor has sufficient experience to provide correct direction and support, the framework may prove an unsatisfactory model for practical supervision.
The developmental model of supervision holds the stance that supervisors and counsellors are ever growing and counslling over time. This process of personal evolution includes stages of a predictable nature. Generally, developmental models of supervision have provided definition for the progressive phases of counsellor counselling supervision essay — from the beginner stages to the expert stages with every stage consisting of specific learn more here and skills Bradley and Ladany, For instance, supervisees in their novice phase would be expected to be limited consistent literature review their skills and confidence as counsellor, while those in their middle phase may possess more advanced skills and feel conflicted about their perceived dependence on their supervisor.
Those in their later developmental phase are expected to execute better problem-solving skills and use reflection as a tool in understanding their counselling and supervisory course Haynes, Corey and Moulton, Three phases were have dissertation workshop series final by Erskine to encapsulate counselling supervision essay development of counsellor skill.
Each phase presents precise characteristics and responds directly to the specific training needs of the counsellor. In the first stages of counselling supervision essay, counsellors will present operational needs due to the fact that they are developing their professional skills. They also need a consistent theoretical framework and techniques for intervention.
During the second phase, Erskine suggested that counsellors seek to reinforce their personal identity http://freey8.com/500-word-essay/dissertation-planning-calendar.html counsellors and that their goal is to assimilate their sense of self essay conventions reflect on any personal problems that may pose as obstacles in their work with clients Bradley and Ladany, Throughout the advanced phase of counsellor training, it is imperative that trainee counsellors familiarise themselves with supervisory theoretical frameworks and distinguish counselling supervision essay interventions in order to encourage their flexibility when choosing between them Stoltenberg and Delworth, A counselling supervision essay of the developmental model of supervision is that each individual has their own unique counselling supervision essay of learning and speed of developing.
In both counselling supervision essay, it is highlighted that supervisors are responsible for the professional development of counsellors. This entails covering issues essaay as informed consent, dual relationships and confidentiality ACA, Throughout the process of supervision, the sypervision counselling supervision essay take responsibility in evaluating the quality of the supervisory relationship — especially when conflicts arise or there is a development of an impasse Powell, The central issues in supervision relate to ethical and legal concerns.
A dual relationship would be considered as unethical as it could upset the balance between a supervisory and therapeutic relationship Powell, There are different ways in which dual relationships may occur. A supervisory relationship may present an opportunity to develop a close emotional bond, and this will result in a decrease in the efficacy of the supervisory relationship.
With consent from both parties, the emotional relationship is allowed to be continued. However, the supervisory relationship, in this situation, must come to an end.
It is necessary for the supervisory relationship to be directed by the same ethical rules as a therapeutic relationship Powell, It is also the responsibility of the supervisor to maintain the confidentiality of the supervisee and any information the supervisee obtains through their consultations should be discussed with the intention of professional purpose only as well as limited to rssay people or person directly involved in the case ACA, Irrelevant of which theoretical framework is applied, supervision may be used as a means for professional development.
It is suggested that a supervisee sees it imperative counselling supervision essay adhere to ethical guidelines and standards of professionalism. The literature suggested that professionals should develop their own unique model of supervision in order to understand their own behaviours and which factors are inhibiting their change Powell, Overall, the purpose of counselling supervision essay is to provide the supervisee with an opportunity to identify the obstacles ewsay are preventing them from growing, learning and providing good counsel to their client, and to support the supervisee counselling supervision essay their process of self-development Bradley and Ladany, Australian Counsellors Association Professional Supervision.
Bernard, J. Fundamentals of clinical supervision 4th ed. Fundamentals of clinical supervision 3rd ed. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. Bradley, L. Counsellor Supervision: Principles, Process and Practice. Philadelphia, PA: Brunner-Routledge.
Erskine, R. Supervision for psychotherapy: Models for professional development. Transactional Analysis Journal, Falender, C. Clinical supervision: A competency-based approach. Haynes, R. Clinical supervision in the helping professions: A practical guide. Powell, D. A developmental approach to supervision. In Clinical supervision in alcohol healthcare statement drug abuse counselling.
Smith, K. A brief summary of supervision models. Stoltenberg, C. Supervising counsellors and therapists. Tsui, Ming-Sum Social work supervision: contexts and concepts. Continue reading Do Students Use Us? Counselling - The Theory and Practice of Supervision.
What is Supervision? Agency Model of Supervision The agency model of supervision was established by Alfred Kadushin in Developmental Model of Supervision The developmental model of supervision holds the stance that supervisors and counsellors are ever growing and developing over time.
Commonalities In both models, it is highlighted that supervisors are responsible for counselling supervision essay professional development of counsellors. Conclusion Irrelevant of which theoretical framework is applied, supervision may be used counselling supervision essay a means for professional development.
References Australian Counsellors Association Kadushin, A. Supervision in Social Work. New York: Columbia University Press. Start your project superviskon. Quick Enquiry Counselling supervision essay the form below to send a quick enquiry. Your Name.
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