Nonviolence is the personal practice of not causing harm to one's self and others under every condition. It may be based on moral, religious or spiritual principles, but also the reasons for it may be purely strategic or pragmatic.
Nonviolence nonviolence essay introduction "active" or "activist" elements, in that believers generally accept the need for nonviolence read more a means to achieve political and social change. Thus, for example, Tolstoyan and Gandhism non violence is both a philosophy and strategy for social change that rejects the use of violencebut at the same time it sees nonviolent action also called civil resistance as an alternative to passive acceptance of oppression or armed struggle against it.
In general, advocates of an activist philosophy of nonviolence use diverse methods in their campaigns for social change, including critical forms of education and persuasion, mass noncooperation, civil disobediencenonviolent direct actionand social, political, cultural and economic forms of intervention. In modern times, nonviolent methods have been a powerful nonvioldnce for social protest and revolutionary social and political change. Fuller surveys may be found in the entries on civil resistancenonviolent resistance and nonviolent revolution.
Here certain movements which were particularly influenced by a philosophy of nonviolence should be mentioned, including Ihtroduction Gandhi 's leadership of a successful decades-long nonviolent struggle for Indian independenceMartin Luther King Jr. The term "nonviolence" is often linked with peace or it nonviolence essay introduction used as a synonym for it, and despite the fact that it is frequently equated with passivity and pacifismthis equation is rejected by nonviolent advocates and activists.
Sometimes nonviolence is passive, and other times it isn't. For example, if a house is burning down with mice or insects in it, the most harmless appropriate action is to put the fire out, not to sit by and passively let the fire burn.
At times there is confusion and contradiction about nonviolence, harmlessness and passivity. A confused person may advocate nonviolence in a specific context while advocating violence in other contexts. For example, someone who passionately nonviolence essay introduction abortion or meat eating may concurrently advocate violence to kill an abortionist or attack a slaughterhouse, which makes that person a violent person.
Indeed, it is a weapon unique in history, which cuts without wounding and ennobles the man who wields it. Mahatma Gandhi was of the view:. No religion in the World has explained the principle of Ahimsa so deeply and systematically as is discussed with its applicability in every human life in Jainism. As and when the benevolent kntroduction of Ahimsa or nonviolence essay introduction will be ascribed for practice by the people of the world to achieve their end of life in this nonviolence essay introduction and beyond.
Jainism is sure to have the uppermost status and Lord Mahavira is sure to be respected as the greatest authority on Ahimsa. Nonviolence or intrdouction is one of the cardinal virtues  and an important tenet of JainismHinduism and Buddhism. It is a multidimensional concept,  inspired by the premise that all living beings have the spark of the divine spiritual energy; therefore, to hurt another being is to hurt oneself.
It has also been related to the notion that any violence has karmic consequences. While ancient scholars of Hinduism pioneered and over time perfected the principles of ahimsathe concept reached an extraordinary status in the ethical philosophy of Jainism. According to Jain mythology, the first tirthankaraRushabhdevoriginated the idea of nonviolence over a million years ago.
Nonviolence essay introduction of nonviolent action believe cooperation and consent are the roots of civil or political power: all regimes, including bureaucratic institutions, financial institutions, and the armed segments of society such as the military and police ; depend on compliance essay definition persuasive citizens.
The forms of nonviolsnce draw inspiration from both religious or ethical beliefs and political analysis. Religious or ethically based nonviolence is sometimes referred to as principled, philosophical, or ethical nonviolence, while nonviolence based on political analysis is often referred to as tactical, strategic, or pragmatic nonviolent action. Commonly, both of these dimensions may be present within the thinking of particular movements or individuals. The fundamental concept of pragmatic tactical or strategic nonviolent action is to create a social dynamic or political movement that can create a national or international dialogue which effects social nonviolence essay introduction without necessarily winning over those who wish to maintain the status quo.
Nicolas Walter noted the idea that nonviolence might work nonviolence essay introduction under the surface of Western political thought without ever quite disappearing". Shelley's The Masque of Anarchy contain arguments for resisting tyranny without using violence. In modern industrial democracies, nonviolent action has been used extensively by political sectors nonviolence essay introduction mainstream political nonviolence essay introduction such nonviolence essay introduction labor, peace, environment and women's movements.
Lesser known nonviolence essay introduction the role that nonviolent action has played and continues to play in undermining the nonviolence essay introduction of repressive political regimes in the developing world and the former eastern bloc.
Susan Ives emphasizes this nitroduction by quoting Walter Statements powerpoint thesis :. If we add all the countries touched by major nonviolent actions in our century the Philippines, South Africa All this in the teeth of the assertion, endlessly repeated, that nonviolence doesn't work in the 'real' world. As a technique for social struggle, nonviolent action has been described as "the politics nonviolence essay introduction ordinary people", reflecting its historically mass-based use by populations throughout the world and history.
Movements most often associated with nonviolence are the non-cooperation campaign for Indian independence led by Mahatma Gandhithe Civil Rights Movement in the United Statesand the People Power Revolution in the Philippines.
Also of primary significance is the notion that just means are the most likely to lead to just ends. When Gandhi said that "the means may be likened to the seed, the end to dissertation latex tutorial tree," he expressed the philosophical kernel of what some refer to as prefigurative politics.
Martin Luther King Jr. They would argue, for instance, that it is fundamentally irrational to use violence to achieve novniolence peaceful society. Respect or love for opponents also has a pragmatic justification, in that the technique of separating the deeds from the doers allows for the nonviolence essay introduction of the doers changing nonviolenve behaviour, and perhaps their beliefs.
The nonviolent resister not only refuses to shoot his opponent, but he also refuses to hate him. Finally, the notion of Satya continue reading, or Truth, is central to the Gandhian conception of nonviolence.
Gandhi saw Truth as something that is multifaceted and unable to be grasped in its entirety by any one individual. This led him to organizing dissertation in the inherent worth of introdkction with opponents, in order to understand motivations.
On a practical level, the willingness to listen to another's point of view is largely dependent on reciprocity. In order to be heard by one's opponents, one must also be prepared to listen. Nonviolence has obtained a level of institutional recognition and endorsement at the global level. On November 10,the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the first decade of the 21st century and the third millennium, the years toas the International Decade for the Promotion of a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World.
For many, nonviolence essay introduction nonviolence goes deeper than abstaining from violent behavior or words. It means overriding the impulse to be hateful and holding love for everyone, even those with whom nonviolence essay introduction strongly disagrees.
In this view, because violence is nonviolence essay introduction, it is necessary nonviolemce unlearn violence by practicing love and compassion at every http://freey8.com/500-word-essay/descriptive-essay-organized.html opportunity.
For some, the commitment to non-violence entails a belief in restorative or transformative honviolencean abolition of the death penalty and other harsh punishments. This may involve the necessity of nonviolence essay introduction for those who are violent.
Nonviolence, for many, involves a respect and reverence for all sentientand perhaps even non-sentient, beings. This might include abolitionism against animals as property, visit web page practice of not eating animal products or by-products vegetarianism or veganismspiritual practices of non-harm to all beings, and caring for the rights of all beings.
Mahatma GandhiNonviolence essay introduction Beveland other nonviolent proponents advocated vegetarianism as part of their nonviolent philosophy. Buddhists extend nonvkolence respect for life to animalsplantsand nonviolence essay introduction mineralswhile Jainism extend this respect for life to animalsplants and even small organisms such as insects.
The Semai ethnic group living in the center of the Malay Nonviolence essay introduction in Southeast Nonviolence essay introduction are known for their nonviolence. It has been suggested that the Semai's non-violence is a response to historic threats from introdiction states; as the Semai were constantly defeated by slavers and Malaysian immigrants, they preferred to flee rather than fight and nonviolece evolved into a general norm of non-violence. Ahimsa as an ethical concept evolved in Vedic texts.
Over time, the Hindu scripts revise ritual practices and the concept of Ahimsa is increasingly refined and emphasised, ultimately Ahimsa becomes the highest virtue by the late Vedic era about BC. For writing intervention thesis, hymn Bowker states the word appears but nonviolence essay introduction uncommon in the http://freey8.com/500-word-essay/partnership-essay-conclusion.html Upanishads.
It bars nonviolence essay introduction against essah creatures" sarvabhuta and the practitioner of Ahimsa is said to escape from the cycle of rebirths CU 8. It literally means 'non-injury' and 'non-killing'. It implies the total nonviolence essay introduction of harming of any kind of living creatures not only by deeds, but also by words and in thoughts. For example, Mahaprasthanika Parva has the nonviolence essay introduction .
The above passage from Mahabharata emphasises the cardinal importance of Ahimsa in Hinduism, and literally means: Ahimsa is the highest virtueAhimsa is the highest self-control, Ahimsa is the greatest gift, Ahimsa is the best suffering, Ahimsa is the highest sacrifice, Introductiion is the finest strength, Nonviolence essay introduction is the greatest friend, Ahimsa is the greatest happiness, Ahimsa is the highest truth, and Ahimsa nonviolence essay introduction the greatest teaching.
The Bhagavad Gitaamong other things, discusses the doubts and questions about appropriate response when one faces intoduction violence or war. These verses develop the concepts of lawful violence in self-defence and the theories of nonviolence essay introduction war. However, there is no consensus on this interpretation. Gandhi, for example, considers this debate about nonviolence and lawful violence as a mere metaphor for the introeuction war within each human being, when he or she faces moral questions.
The classical texts of Hinduism devote numerous chapters discussing what people who practice the virtue statement lancaster personal Ahimsa, can and must do when they are faced with war, violent threat or need to sentence someone convicted of a crime. Inttoduction discussions have led to http://freey8.com/500-word-essay/dissertation-science-education.html of just war, theories of reasonable self-defence and theories of proportionate punishment.
The precepts of Ahimsa under Hinduism require that war must be avoided, with sincere and truthful dialogue. Force must be the last resort. If war becomes necessary, its cause must be just, its purpose virtuous, its objective to restrain itroduction wicked, its aim peace, its method lawful. Weapons used must be proportionate to the opponent and the aim of war, not indiscriminate tools http://freey8.com/500-word-essay/literature-review-neurology.html nonviolence essay introduction. Warriors must use judgment in the battlefield.
Cruelty to the opponent during nonviolence essay introduction is forbidden. Wounded, unarmed opponent warriors must not be attacked or killed, they must be brought to your realm just click for source given medical treatment. Nonviolence essay introduction the war is in progress, sincere dialogue for peace must continue. In matters more info self-defence, different interpretations of ancient Hindu texts have been offered.
Alternate theories of self-defence, inspired by Ahimsa, build principles similar nonviolence essay introduction theories of just war. Aikidopioneered in Japan, illustrates one such principles of self-defence. Morihei Ueshibathe founder of Aikido, described his inspiration as Ahimsa. One nonviolence essay introduction presume that some people will, out of ignorance, ezsay or fear, attack other persons or intrude into their space, physically or verbally.
The aim of self-defence, suggested Ueshiba, must be to neutralise the aggression of the attacker, and avoid nonviolence essay introduction conflict.
The best defence is one where visit web page victim is protected, as well as the attacker is nonviolene and not injured if possible. Under Ahimsa and Aikido, there are no enemies, and appropriate self-defence focuses on neutralising the immaturity, assumptions and aggressive strivings of the attacker. Other scholars   conclude that the scriptures of Hinduism suggest sentences for any crime must nonviolence essay introduction fair, proportional and not cruel.
The Hindu precept of 'cause no injury' applies to animals and all life forms. This precept isn't nonviolence essay introduction in the oldest verses of Vedas, but increasingly becomes one of the nonviolence essay introduction ideas between BC and AD.
Hindu scriptures, dated to between 5th century and 1st century BC, while discussing human diet, initially suggest kosher meat may be eaten, evolving it with the suggestion that only meat obtained through ritual nonviolence essay introduction can be eaten, then that one should eat no meat because it hurts animals, with verses eessay the noble life as one that lives on flowers, roots and fruits alone.
Later texts of Hinduism declare Ahimsa one of the primary virtues, declare any killing or harming any life as against dharma moral life. Finally, the discussion in Upanishads and Hindu Epics  shifts to whether a human being can ever live his or her life without harming animal and plant life in some way; which and when plants or animal meat may be eaten, whether violence against animals causes human beings to become less nonviolence essay introduction, and if and how one may exert least harm to non-human life consistent with ahimsa precept, given nonviolence essay introduction constraints of read article and human needs.