Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. Received subjective literature review September ; accepted 18 September ; published 21 September Career success has been a motivation for a long time. Scholars used work satisfaction to represent career success at first.
Hughes divided career successes into objective career success and subjective career success and especially stressed the importance of subjective career success.
I think that research of the subjective career success is particularly important because career models have changed under the influence of postmodernism.
Success has subjective literature review from a traditional career development model to a no boundaries career development model . In the traditional career development model, the internal and external environment of an organization is relatively stable.
These organizations provide staff with permanent and stable careers. Staff move subjective literature review the organizational design in a linear path with gradual promotions, wages that are restricted to hours worked, and a fixed number of years. These please click for source typical traits in the traditional career development model.
On the other hand, sbujective subjective literature review no boundaries career development subjective literature review, staff development opportunities are beyond a single organization; employees face more selections but, poor job stability subjective literature review. Before measurements of success were related to external standards, such as job status and wage growth, no boundaries career development model starts to lose appeal.
Eith T. Subjective career success is more and more important for employees. Revlew article attempts to make a summary on subjective career success definition using empirical research and putting forward the direction of research essay research.
Jim Meade suggested that career success was the result of personal experience and could be seen as personal experience and the accumulation of real or perceived accomplishments so that career success involves subjective career successes and objective career successes. Subjective career success can be understood in two literatrue. About the characteristic structure of subjective career success, Heslin suggested that click to see more career success prohibition thesis subjective literature review realization of goals, self-identity and perceived opportunities for promotion .
More info argued that subjective career success refers to his literqture understanding and evaluation . Dries defined career subjective literature review as a four-dimensions subjective literature review the integrated framework, including external achievements, external feelings and internal achievements and inner feelings .
Based on the analysis of existing studies, there are three ways for measure subjective career success. Greenhaus J. This scale has three dimensions: individual satisfaction for achievements, individual satisfaction for progression and individual satisfaction for income, development .
But career satisfaction only can represent one aspect of subjective career success, job satisfaction scale is a defective way for measuring subjective career success. Turban, Dougherty designed subjective career success questionnaire for measured subjective career success subjective literature review. This subjective literature review measures subjective career success for overall subjective perception, including four items. Gattiker and Larwood established a measurement for subjective career success that had five dimensions.
The five dimensions are relationships, economic status, work, grade status and life success  ; but this measurement was designed over 20 years, Subjective literature review and Wiese suggested that work and employees have changed a lot during the time . Shockley, K. Parke, P. But this questionnaire was based on the background of western culture.
There are many studies on the subjective career success antecedent variables, based on the analysis of existing subjective literature review, individual differences, family and organization, this three factors of subjective career success are summarized. The first individual difference is ability.
Fang Wang indicated that personal knowledge and skills have a significant effect on subjective career success.
Wenxia, Zhou confirmed career competence plays a significantly role on subjective career success. She pointed out that human capital, social capital and psychological capital of employees were three abilities which were qualifications for jobs .
Overall the corporate culture consists of the intangible assets, some parts consisting of the psychological capital of employees, also Andrea suggested an important factor concerning subjectiev individual is psychological factors, he subjective literature review career self-effec- tiveness played a positive role on subjective career success through empirical research .
Subjective literature review suggested political skills as belonging to one of personal strategies. He found political skills played a subjective literature review role on subjective llterature success. Political skills main include politically sensitivity, interpersonal influence, organizational coordination, and so on .
The effects of family factors on the subjective career success also are an important area of interest. These factors have caught the attention of the scholars. Weijing, Zhang studied the work family relationship and how it affects subjective career success .
The work family subjectuve including work to promote family and family to promote work, the results showed that both has a positive effect on link career success. Reasons subbjective be that the promotion of work to family leads to enhancing of team cohesion and self-efficacy of their own work, and the output are essential condition of career development. They may provide the basis subjective literature review subjective career success.
The promotion of family to work may be because of the individual in the family wishes to subjective literature review good emotional resources subjective literature review can help them improve work performance, thus staff would have more incentive to literaturd in the work.
This performance learn more here eventually bring personal career goals or promotion, etc.
The family will effectively promote work which is helpful to the realization of career success. Organizations sponsoring includes career guidance, mentoring, parent relations, career subjective literature review, skill development opportunities generally. The second one is network behavior. Forret and Dougherty suggested that network includes five parts, they are Social, maintain internal contact, be engaged in the professional network, strengthen internal awareness and participation in community activities.
And social networking rsview becoming more and more important to career self-management, so their network is very important in explaining career success .
Van Emmerik, et al. Adele and Spurk have shown that subjective career success affect employee feelings, such as satisfaction of life and happiness . When an individual experiences subjective career success, there will be a revoew peak which is experienced, under the positive reivew happy state of mind, employees will generate life satisfaction subjective literature review subjective well-being.
There subjective literature review not many mediator researches of subjective career successes. Nabi confirmed the network behavior played a mediator role between the subjective career success and occupational expectations . Wenxia Zhou demonstrated the organizational support played a mediator role between psychological check this out and subjective career success .
Ming Feng and Cong Li confirmed that litearture political skills played moderated role between impression management and subjective career success . Some employees use the impression management strategy to leave good impressions on their superiors. If personal political skill level is high, they are more likely to win the attention of the superiors and this is conducive to their own subjective perception of career success.
There are click here many moderator researches of subjective career successes. It needs further research. Second, in definition of subjective career success, the future research should be further clarified the definition of subjective career success, and distinguished with other concepts.
Third, in the mechanism of subjective career success, Chinese scholars should start more empirical subjective literature review about subjective literature review subjective career successes, and use different research methods to explore the antecedent variables, outcome variables of the subjective career success, as well as mediator and mediator variables. American Journal of Sociology, 43, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 15, Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 25, HR Magazine, October, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 37, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 6, Management, 5, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73, Academy of Management Journal, 33, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, Academy of Management Journal, 37, University of Inner Mongolia.
Acta Psychologica Sinica, subjective literature review, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76, Women in Management Review, 21, research proposal synthesis International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 74, University of Central Lancashire, Preston.
Journal of East China Economic Management, 11, bellingham literature review Journal of Human Resource and Sustainabi Liangtie Dai feview, Fuhui Song. DOI: Abstract Career success is a major field in the study of human resource literayure. Also career success is deeply see more about employees and organizations, especially in organizations with no borders which provide many careers today.
Employees can no longer be relied just on objective measures such as wages, job titles, authority and so on for indexes to measure career success. Share and Cite:. Dai, L. Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies4 Received subjective literature review September ; accepted 18 September ; published 21 September 1.
Introduction Career success has been a motivation for a long time. Definition 2. Definition of Career Success Jim Meade suggested that career success was the result of personal experience and could be seen as personal experience and the accumulation of real or perceived accomplishments so that career success involves subjective career successes and objective career successes.